IVF Treatment

Types of IVF Treatment

The term “test-tube babies” was first popularized by IVF, which is now almost a household name. Problems with conceiving and becoming pregnant are no longer unavoidable, thanks to technology. One such marvel of modern medicine that may make a couple’s life happier with a child is in vitro fertilization or IVF.

Through a series of extremely complicated procedures, in vitro fertilization, or IVF, aids in the production of a child and aids in preventing genetic issues or improving fertility. The word IVF, which refers to the process of combining eggs and sperm outside the body in a laboratory, is derived from the Latin phrase in vitro, which means “inside the glass.”

In this article, We will explain everything about the “Types of IVF Treatment”.

About IVF

Simply said, medical professionals, take one or more eggs from an ovary and fertilize them in a lab. Back into a woman’s uterus are placed these fertilized eggs. IVF cycles are completed in roughly three weeks. When these processes are divided into separate sections, the process might sometimes take more time.

The embryos are given between two and six days to mature if fertilization is successful. This aids the embryologist in choosing the healthiest embryo, which is subsequently returned to the woman’s womb to attempt a healthy delivery.

Several high-quality embryos are frequently produced. In these situations, it’s often best to practice freezing the leftover embryos because placing two embryos back in the womb increases your likelihood of producing twins or triplets, which has health hazards. If your first cycle is unsuccessful or you decide to try for another child, you can use your stored embryos later.

Common negative consequences include:

  • Releasing a tiny amount of clear or red fluid quickly after the operation as a result of the cervix being swabbed prior to the embryo transfer
  • Breast sensitivity brought on by excessive estrogen levels
  • Slight bloating
  • Slight cramping
  • Bowel discomfort or constipation

Contact your doctor if you experience moderate to severe discomfort following the embryo transfer. Your risk of problems including infection, ovarian torsion, and severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome will be assessed by the medical professional.

Your doctor will examine a sample of your blood to determine whether you are pregnant 12 to 20 days to two weeks following egg retrieval.

The likelihood of having a healthy baby after utilizing IVF depends on a number of factors, such as maternal age, embryo status, reproductive history, cause of infertility, lifestyle factors, etc.

Read More: IVF treatment cost in Dhaka Bangladesh

Types of IVF Treatment

Types of IVF Treatment

The following are some types of IVF treatments that are basically used:

Natural IVF

Natural IVF increases your chances of getting pregnant by artificially obtaining more eggs and producing more embryos. It is marketed as “natural” since it encourages your body to choose your finest egg rather than using any simulated medicines. Because it is thought to be less expensive and may be repeated with back-to-back cycles, natural IVF is also preferred.

It is a choice for females who do not react well to reproductive medications or for females with inadequate ovarian reserves. It can also assist young ladies who have had tubal failure. There is just one embryo available to recipients of natural IVF.

IVF + Frozen Embryo Transfer

A frozen embryo transfer (FET) cycle entails defrosting one or more embryos that were frozen during an earlier treatment cycle and transplanting them to the uterus. FET appears to be a viable choice for women who want to put off getting pregnant until their late 30s or 40s.

Nevertheless, the pregnancy rate varies depending on the woman’s age. Patients under the age of 35 had a 60% success rate per embryo transfer, compared to a 20% success rate for women over 40.

Recipients must wait two weeks after frozen embryo transplants. This is due to the possibility that a false positive might occasionally result from the technique.

IVF + Elective Single Embryo Transfer

In order to start a pregnancy, a woman must select one embryo from a group of potential embryos and implant it into her fallopian tube. The drawback of IVF + eSET is that women may need to go through numerous rounds of embryo planting in order to sustain pregnancy rates, despite the fact that it results in high rates of pregnancy. Lower pregnancy risks such as premature labor, hypertension, and low birth weight are a few advantages of eSET. Additionally, it lessens the possibility of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). Any other healthy embryos are also vitrified in the lab for later use.

Donor Egg IVF

When using donor eggs for IVF, the recipient’s fallopian tube is inserted with the embryos of a young, viable donor. If they decide to use donor eggs for IVF, women under 35 have a 41–43% probability of becoming pregnant. This is a technique that may be an option for women who have Premature Ovarian Failure or who have a genetic condition that they may pass on to their genetic kids.

The kid conceived with donor eggs will have no genetic ties to the mother, but rather to the father. Additionally, it can help homosexual male couples who have gestational carriers have children.

Donor Sperm IVF

When there is no chance of collecting the sperm naturally or through surgery, couples may choose to use in vitro fertilization (IVF), which uses donated sperm. With IUI or IVF, the sperm can either fertilize the woman’s eggs or be used to inseminate her. Donor Sperm entails injecting donor sperm into the recipient’s uterus at the time of the recipient’s ovulation naturally. The receiver has two weeks to perform a pregnancy test after the sperm has been implanted.

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)

A single sperm is injected into the cytoplasm of an egg that has reached maturity in this type of in vitro fertilization. Solving severe male infertility issues is the main use of this. For males with low sperm counts or malformed sperm shapes, this approach is advised as it skips the acrosome reaction.

By keeping a healthy weight and decreasing stress, one can improve their chances of having a successful IVF procedure.

Taking the appropriate vitamins, abstaining from alcohol and tobacco, monitoring your vitamin D levels, finding the correct medical professional and embryology lab, and other measures will also be beneficial.

You May Visit the: Best IVF Center in Bangladesh